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Mutagenesis by chloramines and hypochlorous acid (HOCI) was studied to determine whether these agents could contribute to the mutagenic and potentially carcinogenic activityof stimulated leukocytes and whether environmental exposure to these agents is a cause for concern.

Chloramine residuals in the United States range from 0.6 to 5.0 mg/L; 75% of utilities have finished water with chloramine residual levels between 1.0 and 3.0 mg/L entering the distribution system.6.

Mutagenicactivity was detected in the absence of exogenous S9 activation in strains TA1535 and TA100. The toxicity of the chloramine appeared to overshadow its mutagenic property at doses >64 g/plate with a concomitant reduction in the number of revertants/plate. N-Chlorodiethylamine, on the...

Co-mutagenicactivity by L-canavanine not requiring S9 against 9-AA in a dose response manner (Table 3). None of the sutherlandia extracts nor the pure compounds elicited a mutagenic response when considering a 3-fold increase above the spontaneous revertant counts of the different...

Chloramine-T impacts a variety of serine protease inhibitors, decreasing their effectiveness. Methionine and tyrosine residues represent

The mutagenicactivityof CDNB was attenuated in bacterial strains under-expressing nitroreductase or O-acetylase activity but, in contrast, it was exaggerated in an O-acetylase over-expressing strain. It is inferred that CDNB exhibits a mutagenic response following reduction of the nitro-group to the...

The specificity of NMA and NDphA for mutagenesis at AT base pairs and the lack of sensitivity of the previously employed hisG46 strains for these base changes may be the reason for the previous reports on the lack of mutagenicactivityof these compounds.

Chloramine induced single-strand breaks and loss of DNA-transforming activity and was a weak mutagen in Bacillus subtilis. It was not mutagenic to Salmonella typhimurium. In vitro, chloramine caused double-strand DNA breakage in plasmid pUC18, and DNA fragmentation and DNA...

Mutagenesis refers to any fluctuation of the genome of the organisms by physical or chemical mutagens. The different types and their uses and

The mutagenicactivityof HCAs and PAHs has been principally evaluated by means of the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay or Ames test (Maron and Ames, 1983). This is an ‘in vitro’ procedure that uses strains of Salmonella typhimurium which do not synthesize histidine...

The contribution of the aldehyde to the mutagenic and carcinogenic activityof nitrosamines requires further investigation.

Looking for online definition of mutagenic in the Medical Dictionary? mutagenic explanation free. What is mutagenic?

This activation leads to the formation of methylating and pyridyloxobutylating agents. To determine the possible biological effects mediated by each of these

The mutagenic and antimitotic activitiesof the standard antituberculosis drug isoniazid and the immunomodulatory drug tubosan were compared using the Allium test, which took into account the frequency of chromosome aberrations, chromosome lagging, and micronuclei and allowed the mitotic...

Who are Mutagenic labz? Well that is a very simple answer. We are a company that got tired of under-dosed, over-hyped products that didn't achieve much other then making your wallet lighter and zero results. To prove our products are the purest and you actually get whats on the label we have our...

mutagenicactivity using the Ames/Salmonella test with strain TA98 and added metabolic activation. All but one gave a positive mutagenic response. Fourteen of these samples were analyzed for heterocyclic amine mutagens/carcinogens and all but one contained 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4...

What are the properties ofchloramines? Chloramines are formed during a reaction between chlorine (Cl2) and ammonia (NH3).

Catterall, F, King, LJ and Ioannides, C (2002) Mutagenicactivityof the glutathione S-transferase substrate 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) in the Salmonella mutagenicity assay MUTATION RESEARCH-GENETIC TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MUTAGENESIS, 520 (1-2)...

The results suggested the mutagenic potentials of the imidazole derivatives particularly inducing the reversion of base-pair substitutions. According to the structure-activity relationships phenyl groups in position 2 with different substituents can confer the mutagenicactivityof the tested compounds.

Databases of mutagenic compounds rely on test results which can be skewed by the presence of solvent interactions, impurities, etc. But in-silico systems are predicated on structures; and so just one incorrect attribution (such as that for dimethoxane) can produce a significant “ripple” effect that...

Complete loss of ammonia-oxidation activity was observed in cells immediately following treatment with hypochlorous acid, monochloramine, or a

Mutagen definition, a substance or preparation capable of inducing mutation.

Chloramines are a type of combined chlorine that form in water and then off gas into the air above the water.

Chloramines result from the combination of two ingredients: (a) chlorine disinfectants and (b) perspiration, oils and urine that enter pools on

Mutagens are agents which may cause alteration or changes to the genetic material of an organism. The question in this item asked which among the choices would likely be identified with the given test.

Many translated example sentences containing "mutagenicactivity" – Russian-English dictionary and search engine for Russian translations.

If your water is treated with chlorine or chloramines, toxic disinfection byproducts (DBPs) form when these disinfectants react with natural organic matter.

Environmental Mutagenesis Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Science, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.

Assessment of the Influence of MutagenicActivityof Almaciga (Agathis philippinensis Warb) resin smoke on Fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster.

Chloramine fact sheet. Contaminant Monochloramine Dichloramine Nitrogen trichloride. Sources of Contaminant.

Mutagenicactivityof selected aromatic amines and polycyclic hydrocarbons in Drosophila melanogasterDocuments. Seasonal Variations and Trends in Concentrations of Filter-collected Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) and MutagenicActivity in the San Francisco Bay...

Insertional mutagenesis involves inducing increased activityof transposition of known transposable elements (e.g. retrotransposons which tend to transpose into active genes) to produce series of lines in which, in theory, every gene in the genome will have been inactivated by the transposon insertion.

Mutagenicactivityof nine nitro derivatives of benzanthrone, namely 1-nitro-, 2-nitro-, 3-nitro-, 9-nitro-, 11-nitro-, 1,9-dinitro-, 3,9-dinitro-, 3,11-dinitro- and 3,9,11-trinitrobenzanthrone were tested with Salmonella strains TA98, TA100, YG1021 and YG1024 in both the presence and absence of an S9 mix.

Chloramines are increasingly recognised as a viable alternative to traditional chlorine compounds to provide a sterilising effect in potable water.

This study evaluated the mutagenic/antimutagenic activityof M. polymorphum ethanolic extract (MPEE) in Allium cepa meristematic cells. Commercial A. cepa seeds were cultured for 120 h. Treatments were performed for 48 h with MPEE (10 mg/mL), methyl methanesulfonate (MMS; 0.01...

Almost two hours of boiling is required to get the chloramine in Fairfax County water down to the hundredths of milligrams per liter.

DT-Diaphorase Affects the MutagenicActivityof Pyrene 1.6-Quinone in Chinese Hamster Epithelial Liver (CHEL) Cells.

How To Filter Chlorine & Chloramines. Most whole house soft water systems will use an extensive combination of activated carbon and catalytic carbon